How does training affect performance?

 

-alactacid system (ATP/PC)                               

-lactic acid system                                      

-aerobic system                                         


- aerobic, eg continuous, Fartlek, aerobic            

- anaerobic, eg anaerobic interval  

-flexibility, eg static, ballistic, PNF,                                                                                

-strength training, eg free/fixed weights,          


-progressive overload

-specificity                                                             

-reversibility

-variety

-training thresholds

-warm up and cool down


         physiological adaptations                                                                  

-resting heart rate           

-stroke volume and cardiac output 

-oxygen uptake and lung capacity

-haemoglobin level

-muscle hypertrophy

-effect on fast/slow twitch muscle fibres